UPSC conducts the Civil Services Exams every year. The Civil Services exam is conducted in three tiers



Personality Test (Interview)

Eligibility Criteria

Minimum Age: 21 years

  • For General category candidates, pper age limit is 32 years with a maximum of 6 attempts.
  • For OBC candidates, upper age limit is 35 years with a maximum of 9 attempts.
  • For SC/ST candidates, upper age limit is 37 and the number of attempts is up to the age limit
  • For physically disabled candidates, upper age limit is 35, 38 and 40 for General category, OBC and SC/ST respectively with the number of attempts being 9 for General category and OBC candidates; for SC/ST up to age limit.
  • Candidates from J&K domicile, upper age limits are 37 years, 40 years, 42 years and 50 years for GC, SC/ST, OBC and physical handicapped respectively and upper age limit is same as stated above for specific categories.
  • For disabled servicemen, upper age limit 35 years, 38 years and 40 years respectively for GC, OBC, SC/ST respectively and upper age limit is same as stated above for specific categories.

Eligibility criteria for UPSC Civil Service Examination

  • The candidate must hold a degree from Government recognized Universities or possess an equivalent qualification.
  • Candidates who are in their final year or awaiting results are also eligible to appear for UPSC preliminary Examination. All such candidates who are eligible to appear for UPSC exams must produce proof of having passed the said examination along with the application for the main UPSC examination.
  • Candidates having professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees.
  • Medical students who have passed final year of MBBS, but are yet to complete their internship also have eligibility for UPSC CSE. Although, along with the Main Examination application, a certificate of course completion (including internship) from the concerned authority of the University/Institution must be submitted.

Other Eligibility Criteria for UPSC Civil Service Examination:

  • Nationality: To appear for UPSC Civil Service Examinations, a candidate must be a citizen of India.
  • Fitness: Candidate must be physically and mentally fit.
  • The percentage eligibility for UPSC exams: A candidate should have completed degree in the graduate examination or equivalent

Vacancies and Selection:

Generally, the number of vacancies varies every year. The number of candidates that pass the preliminary examination is generally 11 or 12 times the number of vacancies, and the number of candidates selected for the final interview is thrice the number of vacancies. As per existing policies, reservation for SC/ST/OBC is applied to each level of the selection process.


All India Services (Group A)

  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)

Group B Services

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (AFHCS)
  • Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)
  • Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS)
  • Pondicherry Civil Service
  • Pondicherry Police Service

Central Services (Group A)

  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)
  • Indian Police Service (IPS)
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
  • Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
  • Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS)
  • Indian Defense Estates Service (IDES)
  • Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
  • Indian Information Service (IIS)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  • Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)
  • Indian Postal Service (IPoS)
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT)
  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS-C&CE)
  • Indian Trade Service (ITrS)
  • Railway Protection Force (RPF)

UPSC Civil Services Schedule & Year Calendar

UPSC Notification Preliminary Examination of objective type Preliminary examination result Mains Examination Descriptive type test Mains Examination result Oral Interview Final Result


There are two papers in Prelims exams

  • Paper I
  • Paper II

Qualifying Paper I lets you appear for Mains exams.

Paper II is only to analyze you.

Final scores of Mains exams and Personality Test determines the qualification of Civil Services.

Knowing thoroughly about the syllabus of UPSC prelims is the first step towards the preparation of the UPSC Civil Services Exam. Thus, it’s very crucial to be aware of the syllabus at every step of the whole process.

To crack one of the toughest exams like this, you need to get ready for the race right away. Concrete idea about the prelims syllabus would lay the foundation of your dream of becoming a Class one officer one day. After all, they say “Well begin is half done”.

The Civil services Exam Prelims examination is objective in nature and it consists of two papers.

Papers Duration Questions Marks
Paper I, GS 2 Hours 100 200
Paper II, CSAT 2 Hours 80 200
Total 400

Complete syllabus of the Prelims Exam.

General Studies Paper I Syllabus

  1. Current events of national and international importance
  2. History of India and Indian national movement
  3. Indian and World Geography- physical, social, economic geography of India and the world
  4. Indian Polity and governance – constitution, political system, panchayati raj, public policy, Rights issues, etc.
  5. Economic and social development – sustainable development, poverty, inclusion, demographics, social sector initiatives etc.
  6. General issues on environmental ecology, bio-diversity and climate change-that do not require subject specialization
  7. General science.

Aptitude Syllabus

  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  3. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision making and problem solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level)
  7. English Language Comprehension skills (Class X level).
  8. Questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level. (will be tested through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation) There are 80 questions carrying 200 marks. Each question carries 2.5 marks. There is a penalty of 33% marks or 0.83 marks for every wrong answer. Though decision making and problem solving section doesn’t have negative marking.


UPSC Civil Services New Mains Exam pattern:

The written examination consists of Nine papers, two qualifying papers and seven papers counted for ranking

Paper Subject Marks
Paper A (One of the Indian languages listed below, to be selected by the candidate (from the languages listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India) (Qualifying) 300
Paper B English (Qualifying) 300
Paper I Essay 250
Paper II General Studies I (Indian heritage and culture, history and geography of the world and society) 250
Paper III General Studies II (Governance, constitution, polity, social justice, and international relations) 250
Paper-IV General Studies III (Technology, economic development, biodiversity, environment, security and disaster management) 250
Paper V General Studies-IV (ethics, integrity, and aptitude) 250
Papers VI, VII Two papers on subjects to be selected by the candidate from the list of optional subjects below (250 marks for each paper) 500

List of optional subjects for UPSC Mains Examination

  1. Agriculture
  2. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  3. Anthropology
  4. Botany
  5. Chemistry
  6. Civil Engineering
  7. Commerce and Accountancy
  8. Economics
  9. Electrical Engineering
  10. Geography
  11. Geology
  12. Indian History
  13. Law
  14. Management
  15. Mathematics
  16. Mechanical Engineering
  17. Medical Science
  18. Philosophy
  19. Physics
  20. Political Science and IR
  21. Psychology
  22. Public Administration
  23. Sociology
  24. Statistics
  25. Zoology
  26. Literature (Marathi)

The papers on Indian Languages and English (Paper A and Paper B) will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

Evaluation of the papers, namely, ‘Essay’, ‘General Studies’ and Optional Subject of all the candidates would be done simultaneously along with evaluation of their qualifying papers on ‘Indian Languages’ and ‘English’ but the papers on ‘Essay’, General Studies and Optional Subject of only such candidates will be taken cognizance of who attain such minimum standard as may be fixed by Commission at their discretion for the qualifying papers on ‘Indian Language’ and ‘English’.

The paper A on Indian Language will not, however, be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim

Personality test: 275 marks


Mains Exam (1750 Marks) + Personality Test (275) Marks = 2025 Marks.

NOTE: The technique of the interview is to reveal the mental qualities of the candidate.